Lateran Concordat of 1929 - Papal Wound Healed!
Italy and the Roman Catholic Church have healed wounds!
November 15, 2002
Excerpt from an article by NICOLE WINFIELD, Associated Press:
ROME--Pope John Paul II made a historic speech to Italy's parliament Thursday, urging Italians to work for world peace, uphold their Christian values and have more babies.
The visit--the first time a pope has appeared before the Italian parliament--underscored the warmth that the country feels for the Polish-born John Paul, the first non-Italian pontiff in 455 years.
It also showed Italy and the Roman Catholic Church have healed wounds that a century ago prompted popes to call themselves ''prisoners'' of the Vatican rather than accept Italy's government as legitimate.
VATICAN CITY STATE CELEBRATES 75 YEARS
On February 11th, 1929, an historic treaty was signed between the Italian Government and the Vatican re-establishing the political power and diplomatic standing of the Catholic Church, which had been lost when Italy seized Rome, the last of the Papal States, on September 20th, 1870.
By ARNALDO CORTESI.
Wireless to THE NEW YORK TIMES
ROME, Feb. 11.--The Pope is again an independent sovereign ruler, as he was throughout the Middle Ages, though his temporal realm, established today, is the most microscopic independent State in the world, and probably the smallest in all history. — THE NEW YORK TIMES, Tuesday, February 12, 1929
Benito Mussolini reads his credentials prior to signing the Lateran Treaty on behalf of King Victor Emmanuel III. Cardinal Gasparri (seated), signed on behalf of Pope Pius XI.
Mussolini signs the Lateran Pact of 1929, which brought into being the Vatican City State.
Cardinal Gasparri signs the Lateran
The seals and signatures of Benito Mussolini and Cardinal Gasparri.
Postcard commemorating the Lateran Pact
For 59 years the Pope was a virtual prisoner in the Vatican, never leaving it until the pact was signed, resolving the "Roman question". Known as the Lateran Treaty or Lateran Concordat of 1929, this was the momentous event prophesied in the book of Revelation:
|Even Catholic newspapers reporting the event declared the "wound" to be healed by the Lateran Treaty. Here is a page from The Catholic Advocate, published in Brisbane, Australia on April 18th, 1929. Click on the image below to download the larger readable version (139K).|
Cardinal Gasparri and Benito Mussolini (seated) after exchanging treaty ratifications
in the Hall of Congregations, the Vatican, June 7th, 1929.
The story as reported by the Wisconsin Rapids Daily Tribune, June 7, 1929.
Text of the Lateran Treaty of 1929.
|The agreement signed 70 years ago by Benito Mussolini and
Cardinal Gasparri, on behalf of the King Victor Emmanuel III and Pope Pius
XI, restored the full diplomatic and political power of the Holy See of
Rome. And today, all the world indeed "wonders" at the revived power of
the Roman Catholic Church, the epitome of Church and State combined and a
major player in global politics. Pope Pius XI himself commented on the
concordat, and his restored power, in the first ten paragraphs of his
Pope Pius XI
See also What does the word Vatican mean?