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Book of Enoch, Jude
Written Jan 2017
This page contains the research I have done in regards to the book of Jude and the book of Enoch which Jude allegedly quotes from. After reading all the way through it, if you have a comment or correction you may contact me .
This research is mine, the creator of SpirituallySmart.com (Job 28:28). I am a born again believer in God's Word who has been saved for over 20 years.
I first found myself scrutinizing the so-called "Song of Solomon" and found it contradicted sound Bible teaching in several places. Here is my research on "Song".
Professing Christians will be aghast at this proposal I am making. How dare I question the MEN who decided what is and what isn't inspired! Even though these same church leaders couldn't write anything inspired themselves. But even of the original 12 disciples and apostles Paul writes, "But of these who seemed to be somewhat, (whatsoever they were, it maketh no matter to me: God accepteth no man's person:)..." Gal 2:6a. How much more shall I scrutinize these early "church fathers"?
The Apostle Paul tells us to "prove all things." 1 Thessalonians 5:21a "Prove" here is the English translation of the Greek word δοκιμάζετε (dokimazete). "The meaning here is, that they were carefully to examine everything proposed for their belief. They were not to receive it on trust; to take it on assertion; to believe it because it was urged with vehemence, zeal, or plausibility." (Barnes notes on the Bible)
Paul also stated, "Know ye not that we shall judge angels? how much more things that pertain to this life?" (1 Corinthians 6:3).
Jesus, in the book of Revelation says, "I know your deeds and your toil and perseverance, and that you cannot tolerate evil men, and you put to the test those who call themselves apostles, and they are not, and you found them to be false;" Revelation 2:2
So Jesus doesn't condemn me for putting so called apostles to the test, Paul says we shall judge angels. And so I am scrutinizing something that MEN decided was canon or inspired. And I have researched this and looked at many sources and have only found a big confusing mess when it comes to scholars trying to explain some of Jude's sources.
Until about a week ago or so, I have never had anything against the book of Jude or anything he says in the epistle. On the contrary, Jude was always one of my favorite books in the Bible. And I am not pronouncing final judgment on either of these books. I am simply making a case from the Word of God, which in my opinion, refutes both Song and Jude. I haven't received any solid answers dissuading me on these thoughts either. The more research I do, the more I find that there is serious confusion in regards to these books. Especially Jude. In my opinion, Song of Solomon is a more obvious fraud which was pushed through by ONE unsaved, anti-christ Jew in around 90 A.D., who wielded a lot of power in Israel because of his authority given to him by ROME.
Although I must add, it is a terrifying prospect to erroneously be in the position of doubting established Scripture for 2000 years! Even if both these books have historically been contested as official canon.
My website name is based on the fear and the dread of the Lord which came upon me just prior to my being born again. SpirituallySmart = Job 28:28 "The fear of the Lord is wisdom". And yes, I would say that fear of God CAUSED me to get saved. As the Scriptures also teach that the fear of the Lord is the BEGINNING of wisdom. And the BEGINNING of knowledge. (Proverbs 9:10 KJV, Proverbs 1:7 KJV respectively) And the fear of the Lord keeps me on the strait and narrow way to this very day.
After my research and drawing the conclusions I did about the Song of Solomon, I then began scrutinizing the Epistle of Jude after listening to the audio Bible and hearing the quote about Enoch. Looking at Jude a little closer I noticed in the short 25 verse letter that Jude quotes not one, but TWO different stories that cannot be validated!
"in the mouth of two or three witnesses every word may be established." (Matt 18:16, Deut 17:6, Deut 19:15, 2 Cor 13:1)
Jude's words CANNOT be established!
First is Jude 1:9 "But Michael the archangel, when he disputed with the devil and argued about the body of Moses, did not dare pronounce against him a railing judgment, but said, "The Lord rebuke you!"
Second is Two Verses, Jude 1:14, 15 "It was also about these men that Enoch, in the seventh generation from Adam, prophesied, saying, "Behold, the Lord came with many thousands of His holy ones, to execute judgment upon all, and to convict all the ungodly of all their ungodly deeds which they have done in an ungodly way, and of all the harsh things which ungodly sinners have spoken against Him."
"Jude" is an abbreviation for "Judas" from Greek, and "Judah" from the Hebrew languages.
"Judas" became known as "Jude" after early translators of the New Testament from Greek into English sought to distinguish him from Judas Iscariot and subsequently abbreviated his forename. ("The Letter of Saint Jude". Agape Bible Study. Retrieved 19 October 2015.)
There were several individuals with the name "Judas" in the New Testament. Judas Iscariot, Judas (one of the Lord's brethren in the flesh Mark 6:3, Matthew 13:55), "Judas who was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus. He is generally identified with Thaddeus, and is also variously called Judas of James, Judas Thaddaeus, Judas Thaddaeus or Lebbaeus.", there is another mention of a Judas in John 14:22 and another in Acts 15. The "Judas" in John 14:22 is most likely (but not confirmed) the Apostle Jude, "Jude of James" referred to in Luke 6:16 and Acts 1:13. The King James Version refers to "Judas brother of James" in two places (Luke 6:16 and Acts 1:13) while other versions like the NASB says, "Judas the son of James". However, the Greek simply says "Judas of James". That is why other translations of God's Word changes "brother of" with "son of". Because "son of" makes more sense, as "Jude of James" wouldn't mean his brother, but his son.
However, BOTH the King James Version AND the NASB quote Jude 1:1 as "Jude, a bond-servant (or just "servant" in KJV) of Jesus Christ, and brother of James,". Which raises the question if the author of the epistle of Jude is posing as one of the Lord's brethren in the flesh as referred to in Mark 6:3, Matthew 13:55 or if it really is the actual brother of the Lord Jesus Christ. Because Paul refers to "James, the Lord's Brother" in Galatians 1:19. The Greek word (ἀδελφός adelphós;) for "brother" used by Paul can also mean "brethren" for your information)
The Roman Catholic sect likes to push the idea that the brothers of the Lord were half brothers because its important to their teachings to have Mary's "perpetual virginity" intact. But they have no facts to base that ASSUMPTION on.
So the author of the epistle of Jude may have actually been the Lord's brother in the flesh. OR the [possibly deceptive] author may have used the inaccurately translated "Jude of James" to "Jude brother of James" in their ignorance of the proper translation which is simply "Jude of James". And this may actually be a clue as to whether or not this letter is authentic or not.
Lastly, there is the Judas mentioned in Acts chapter 15:22-35 which reads, "Judas and Silas, also being prophets themselves, encouraged and strengthened the brethren with a lengthy message." Earlier in verse 22 it reads, "Then it seemed good to the apostles and the elders, with the whole church, to choose men from among them to send to Antioch with Paul and Barnabas —Judas called Barsabbas, and Silas, leading men among the brethren,".
So we see at times, one Judas is distinguished from another ("Judas (not Iscariot) said to Him, “Lord, what then has happened that You are going to disclose Yourself to us and not to the world?" John 14:22)
So its very difficult to distinguish what "Judas" wrote the epistle of Jude. Did someone take advantage of this fact that there are many Judases in the New Testament? The only "brother of James" being named "Jude" or "Judas" was one of the Lord's brethren in the flesh. In Luke 6:16 and Acts 1:13 it is simply "Jude of James" in the original Greek as I explained above.
And in the epistle of Jude he never distinguishes himself as an Apostle which was common for apostles when they wrote. "Jude... brother of James" is even more confusing.
However, as we know from the book of Hebrews, which is obviously a very powerful and inspired letter, that definite authorship doesn't always matter.
And this is said about the book of James; "There are seven possible authors of James. As many as six different men may be referred to in the Bible as James, and if none of them wrote this letter, a seventh man not mentioned in the Bible by the name of James could be the author."
But the book of James is a powerful book and has no quotes of spurious or apocryphal works. It's five chapters of powerful revelations and exhortation.
But who James was is not clear. And so who is "Jude of James"? No one knows. Only theories exist.
But the Epistle of Jude is different in my opinion because of the rest of the arguments I raise on this page.
Not only does Jude quote from two spurious sources in 1:9, 1:14 and 1:15, Jude practically plagiarizes ELEVEN verses from 2nd Peter. I say "practically" because there are only very slight variances between the two. (I show this clearly further down the page.)
Then, Jude borrows other Scripture from the old and new testaments which nearly makes the entire epistle of Jude not original.
But my biggest problem is the quoting of two different stories that, as far as we know, do not exist.
Jude verse 1:9 is very similar to
Zechariah 3:1, 2
"Then he showed me Joshua the high priest standing before the angel of the Lord, and Satan standing at his right hand to accuse him. And the Lord said to Satan, “The Lord rebuke you, Satan! Indeed, the Lord who has chosen Jerusalem rebuke you! Is this not a brand plucked from the fire?”"
Again, Jude 1:9
"But Michael the archangel, when he disputed with the devil and argued about the body of Moses, did not dare pronounce against him a railing judgment, but said, "The Lord rebuke you!"
When reading Jude 1:14-15, I realized that the book of Enoch is supposed to be in the Bible OR the epistle of Jude is fraudulent. This shouldn't be the thoughts of a Born Again Bible Believer seeking God with their whole heart. God's Word isn't supposed to cast doubt on God's Word. God's Word is supposed to fill us with faith. So this is a serious problem!
I then thought, It has to be one or the other. Either we are missing some bible from Enoch or the book of Jude is corrupt, or maybe Jude was deceived into thinking the book of Enoch was God's Word. Or perhaps they are BOTH corrupt and BOTH psuedographical books.
Jude says specifically, "Enoch... Prophesied..."
What was Jude talking about?
This is a problem and can lead people to doubt God's Word and/or lead people astray. I've seen this happen first hand actually. People are turning to this apocryphal book of Enoch as the Word of God! And that can start many down a very dangerous path of believing and considering all apocrypha and many other ancient books are the inspired (God-breathed) Logos of God. Can you see why I am concerned about this issue?
I want to say that this is a VERY serious issue that I DO NOT take lightly. Adding or removing or casting doubt on God's Word has serious eternal repercussions.
Proponents or apologists for the epistle of Jude say that Jude may have quoted from Enoch or Assumption of Moses to use against people who liked these books and/or their subject matter (I'm paraphrasing).
But Jude specifically says that "Enoch.. PROPHESIED..." (Jude 1:14) Prophesying is when a prophet "reveals the mind of God". So this logic used to defend Jude there doesn't really make sense.
Jude or an apostle or an inspired writer wouldn't falsely write that someone "prophesied" just to get a point across would they? I don't think so. But these are some of the kinds of things so called experts are saying.
I've also read this Epistle of Jude has been debated historically as official canon.
"The letter of Jude was one of the disputed books of the Canon. Although its canonical status was contested, its authenticity was never doubted by the Early Church. The links between the Epistle and 2 Peter, its use of the Apocryphal Books, and its brevity raised concern. It is one of the shortest books/letters in the Bible, being only 25 verses long."
So the book of Jude was contested! (I provide more research on this aspect of Jude further down the page here.)
My suspicions deepened when I began studying Jude from the Greek.
"But Michael the archangel, when he disputed with the devil and argued about the body of Moses, did not dare pronounce against him a railing judgment, but said, "The Lord rebuke you!"
Where did Jude get all that? People say it's from a lost section of an apocryphal book called "The Assumption of Moses".
Also, the Greek word for "railing accusation" is "blasphēmía". That's right, blasphemy!
Jude insinuates it's blasphemous to accuse the devil? I just don't see this being taught anywhere in God's Word. God warns everyone not to blaspheme HIM. No one really goes out of their way to warn about blaspheming Satan!
Then Jude plagiarizes or borrows from 2 Peter 2:1, 4, 6, 10, 12, 13, 15, 17; 2 Peter 3:2, 3; 1 Timothy 1:17; Romans 16:27; 1 Corinthians 10:1-5 and James 3:14, 15.
2 Peter 2:1
"But there were FALSE prophets also among the people, even as there shall be FALSE teachers among you, who privily shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destruction. "
"For there are certain men crept in unawares, who were before of old ordained to this condemnation, ungodly men, turning the grace of our God into lasciviousness, and denying the only Lord God, and our Lord Jesus Christ."
1 Corinthians 10:1-5
1. Moreover, brethren, I would not that ye should be ignorant, how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea; 2. And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea; 3. And did all eat the same spiritual meat; 4. And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ. 5. But with many of them God was not well pleased: for they were overthrown in the wilderness.
2 Peter 2:4
"For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast [them] down to hell, and delivered [them] into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment; "
"And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day. "
2 Peter 2:6
"And turning the cities of Sodom and Gomorrha into ashes condemned [them] with an overthrow, making [them] an ensample unto those that after should live ungodly;"
"Even as Sodom and Gomorrha, and the cities about them in like manner, giving themselves over to fornication, and going after strange flesh, are set forth for an example, suffering the vengeance of eternal fire."
2 Peter 2:10
"But chiefly them that walk after the flesh in the lust of uncleanness, and despise government. Presumptuous [are they], selfwilled, they are not afraid to speak evil of dignities."
"Likewise also these [filthy] dreamers defile the flesh, despise dominion, and speak evil of dignities. "
2 Peter 2:12
"But these, as natural brute beasts, made to be taken and destroyed, speak evil of the things that they understand not; and shall utterly perish in their own corruption;"
"But these speak evil of those things which they know not: but what they know naturally, as brute beasts, in those things they corrupt themselves. "
2 Peter 2:13, 17
"And shall receive the reward of unrighteousness, [as] they that count it pleasure to riot in the day time. Spots [they are] and blemishes, sporting themselves with their own deceivings while they feast with you;"
"These are wells without water, clouds that are carried with a tempest; to whom the mist of darkness is reserved for ever."
"These are spots in your feasts of charity, when they feast with you, feeding themselves without fear: clouds [they are] without water, carried about of winds; trees whose fruit withereth, without fruit, twice dead, plucked up by the roots; "
2 Peter 2:15
"Which have forsaken the right way, and are gone astray, following the way of Balaam [the son] of Bosor, who loved the wages of unrighteousness; "
"Woe unto them! for they have gone in the way of Cain, and ran greedily after the error of Balaam for reward, and perished in the gainsaying of Core. "
2 Peter 2:18
James 3:14, 15
1 Timothy 1:17
"Now unto the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only wise God, [be] honour and glory for ever and ever. Amen."
To God only wise, [be] glory through Jesus Christ for ever. Amen.
Again, There are only 25 verses in Jude. Nine Verses are copied from 2nd Peter, Two from 1 Corinthians, Two from ENOCH, One from the Assumption of Moses
and more verses taken from the Old and New Testaments. If this is truly inspired, why would Jude have to take Nine verses from 2 Peter? Wouldn't God give us fresh bread from heaven? This book of Jude seems to be a very convincing piece of apocrypha.
As of now, I have my doubts. This is terrifying ground to be on. God forbid I cast doubt on God's Word! But the book of Jude also has a tremendous history of being debated as canon.
From wikipedia (I don't hold wikipedia as 100% valid unless they have valid sources to prove their citations):
Canonical status: The Epistle of Jude is held as canonical in the Christian Church. Although some scholars consider the letter a pseudonymous work written between the end of the 1st century and the first quarter of the 2nd century, arguing from the references to the apostles, tradition; and the book's competent Greek style, conservative scholars date it between 70 and 90.
"More remarkable is the evidence that by the end of the second century Jude was widely accepted as canonical." Clement of Alexandria, Tertullian and the Muratorian canon considered the letter canonical. The first historical record of doubts as to authorship are found in the writings of Origen of Alexandria, who spoke of the doubts held by some—albeit not him. Eusebius classified it with the "disputed writings, the antilegomena." The letter was eventually accepted as part of the Canon by the Church Fathers such as Athanasius and the Synods of Laodicea (c. 363) and Carthage (397)"
Authorship: The Epistle title is written as follows: "Jude, a servant of Jesus Christ and brother of James" (NRSV). There is a dispute as to whether "brother" means someone who has the same father and mother, or a half-brother or cousin or more distant familial relationship.
The debate has continued over the author's identity as the apostle, the brother of Jesus, both, or neither. Some scholars have argued that since the author of that letter has not identified himself as an apostle and actually refers to the apostles as a third party, he cannot be identified with the Jude who is listed as one of the Twelve (and, in the Gospel of Luke, is explicitly identified as being as "of James"). Others have drawn the opposite conclusion, i.e., that as an apostle, he would not have made such a claim on his own behalf. (Although Paul DOES refer to himself as an apostle many times in his epistles)
The many Judes, named in the gospels and among the relatives of Jesus, and his relationship to James the Just called the brother of Jesus has caused much confusion. Not a lot is known of Jude, which would explain the apparent need to identify him by reference to his better-known brother."
"The Epistle of Jude references at least two other books, with one being non-canonical in all churches and the other non-canonical in most churches. Verse 9 refers to a dispute between Michael the Archangel and the devil about the body of Moses. The classical theologian Origen attributes this reference to the non-canonical "Assumption of Moses." Others believe it to be in the lost ending of the book.
Verses 14–15 contains a direct quote of a prophecy from 1En.1:9. The title "Enoch, the seventh from Adam" is also sourced from 1En.60:1. Most commentators assume that this indicates that Jude accepts the antediluvian patriarch Enoch as the author of the Book of Enoch which contains the same quotation. However an alternative explanation is that Jude quotes the Book of Enoch aware that verses 14–15 are in fact an expansion of the words of Moses from Deuteronomy 33:2.
"And he said, The Lord came from Sinai, and rose up from Seir unto them; he shined forth from mount Paran, and he came with ten thousands of saints: from his right hand went a fiery law for them."
This is supported by Jude's unusual Greek statement that "Enoch the Seventh from Adam prophesied to the false teachers, not "concerning" them."
WOW. That is all I have to say right now. I am truly bewildered over all of this!
Here is the part where Jude quotes from this section of the #Book of Enoch.
Jude 14, 15:
"14. It was also about these men that Enoch, in the seventh generation from Adam, prophesied, saying, "Behold, the Lord came with many thousands of His holy ones,
15. to execute judgment upon all, and to convict all the ungodly of all their ungodly deeds which they have done in an ungodly way, and of all the harsh things which ungodly sinners have spoken against Him." NASB
So it is my opinion, and I believe I have the Holy Spirit within me, that BOTH the book of Enoch AND the epistle of Jude are NOT authentic!! Except the verses Jude stole from other parts of the Bible of course. And after looking at many scholar's research on the book of Jude, no one has said anything that straightens out this problem.
"in the mouth of two or three witnesses every word may be established." (Matthew 18:16, Deuteronomy 17:6, Deuteronomy 19:15, 2 Corinthians 13:1)
According to this verse, I do not have to accept Jude as the inspired Word of God.
You are welcome to correct me if you can. However, what the "church fathers" have deemed to be canon, will not persuade me. Persuade me by using direct and clear application of Scripture Alone.
Thank you for reading,
Yours in Christ, Thomas Richards
Here is the section of The book of Enoch "Jude" quotes from (Or vise-versa).
BOOK OF ENOCH
1. The words of the blessing of Enoch, wherewith he blessed the elect ⌈⌈and⌉⌉ righteous, who will be living in the day of tribulation, when all the wicked ⌈⌈and godless⌉⌉ are to be removed.
2. And he took up his parable and said--Enoch a righteous man, whose eyes were opened by God, saw the vision of the Holy One in the heavens, ⌈which⌉ the angels showed me, and from them I heard everything, and from them I understood as I saw, but not for this generation, but for a remote one which is for to come.
3. Concerning the elect I said, and took up my parable concerning them:
The Holy Great One will come forth from His dwelling,
4. And the eternal God will tread upon the earth, (even) on Mount Sinai,
⌈And appear from His camp⌉ And appear in the strength of His might from the heaven of heavens.
5. And all shall be smitten with fear
And the Watchers shall quake,
And great fear and trembling shall seize them unto the ends of the earth.
6. And the high mountains shall be shaken,
And the high hills shall be made low,
And shall melt like wax before the flame p. 32
7. And the earth shall be ⌈wholly⌉ rent in sunder,
And all that is upon the earth shall perish,
And there shall be a judgement upon all (men).
8. But with the righteous He will make peace.
And will protect the elect,
And mercy shall be upon them.
And they shall all belong to God,
And they shall be prospered,
And they shall ⌈all⌉ be blessed.
⌈And He will help them all⌉,
And light shall appear unto them,
⌈And He will make peace with them⌉.
9. And behold! He cometh with ten thousands of ⌈His⌉ holy ones
To execute judgement upon all,
And to destroy ⌈all⌉ the ungodly:
And to convict all flesh
Of all the works ⌈of their ungodliness⌉ which they have ungodly committed,
And of all the hard things which ungodly sinners ⌈have spoken⌉ against Him.
1. Observe ye everything that takes place in the heaven, how they do not change their orbits, ⌈and⌉ the luminaries which are in the heaven, how they all rise and set in order each in its season, and transgress not against their appointed order. 2. Behold ye the earth, and give heed to the things which take place upon it from first to last, ⌈how steadfast they are⌉, how ⌈none of the things upon earth⌉ change, ⌈but⌉ all the works of God appear ⌈to you⌉. 3. Behold the summer and the winter, ⌈⌈how the whole earth is filled with water, and clouds and dew and rain lie upon it⌉⌉.
Observe and see how (in the winter) all the trees ⌈⌈seem as though they had withered and shed all their leaves, except fourteen trees, which do not lose their foliage but retain the old foliage from two to three years till the new comes.
And again, observe ye the days of summer how the sun is above the earth over against it. And you seek shade and shelter by reason of the heat of the sun, and the earth also burns with growing heat, and so you cannot tread on the earth, or on a rock by reason of its heat.
1. Observe ⌈⌈ye⌉⌉ how the trees cover themselves with green leaves and bear fruit: wherefore give ye heed ⌈and know⌉ with regard to all ⌈His works⌉, and recognize how He that liveth for ever hath made them so.
2. And ⌈all⌉ His works go on ⌈thus⌉ from year to year for ever, and all the tasks ⌈which⌉ they accomplish for Him, and ⌈their tasks⌉ change not, but according as ⌈⌈God⌉⌉ hath ordained so is it done.
3. And behold how the sea and the rivers in like manner accomplish and ⌈change not⌉ their tasks ⌈from His commandments⌉.
4. But ye--ye have not been steadfast, nor done the commandments of the Lord,
But ye have turned away and spoken proud and hard words
With your impure mouths against His greatness.
Oh, ye hard-hearted, ye shall find no peace.
5. Therefore shall ye execrate (feel or express great loathing for:) your days,
And the years of your life shall perish,
And ⌈the years of your destruction⌉ shall be multiplied in eternal execration feel or express great loathing for:), And ye shall find no mercy.
6a. In those days ye shall make your names an eternal execration unto all the righteous,
b. And by you shall ⌈all⌉ who curse, curse,
And all the sinners ⌈and godless⌉ shall imprecate (utter (a curse) or invoke (evil) against someone or something.) by you,
7c. And for you the godless there shall be a curse.
6d. And all the . . . shall rejoice,
e. And there shall be forgiveness of sins,
f. And every mercy and peace and forbearance: p. 34
g. There shall be salvation unto them, a goodly light.
i. And for all of you sinners there shall be no salvation,
j But on you all shall abide a curse.
7a. But for the elect there shall be light and joy and peace,
b. And they shall inherit the earth.
8 And then there shall be bestowed upon the elect wisdom,
And they shall all live and never again sin,
Either through ungodliness or through pride:
But they who are wise shall be humble.
9 And they shall not again transgress,
Nor shall they sin all the days of their life,
Nor shall they die of (the divine) anger or wrath,
But they shall complete the number of the days of their life.
And their lives shall be increased in peace,
And the years of their joy shall be multiplied,
In eternal gladness and peace,
All the days of their life.
You can read the whole book of Enoch here